In addition to a thorough maintenance of oral hygiene, it is also recommended to use an antiseptic liquid containing the active ingredient 0.2% chlorhexidine.
Indications for use:
Chlorhexidine is the most effective antiseptic for reducing the amount of harmful bacteria in the oral cavity. It absorbs onto the tooth surface and oral mucosa, therefore it remains active for prolonged periods of time (prolonged effect). As a result, the plaque amount is reduced and gum inflammation (gingivitis) is prevented. By binding to bacterial cell walls, chlorhexidine causes bacteria to disintegrate and die. Chlorhexidine works only if it is bound to the tooth surface. Dental plaque, however, negatively affects and reduces its function.
Chlorhexidine may cause external discoloration (stains on the tooth surface). Pigments found in tobacco, food and beverages can become linked to chlorhexidine molecules which are already attached to teeth and other surfaces, therefore they become stained with these pigments. Sometimes, stains can only be removed through professional cleaning in a dental office. Chlorhexidine may cause certain side effects such as temporary taste loss or taste impairment, a mucosal erosion, and parotid gland swelling. These side effects are rare and transient, and they disappear after chlorhexidine is discontinued.
Chlorhexidine is prescribed for acute and chronic inflammation of the oral mucosa and after oral surgery procedures. Chlorhexidine is used, along with otherwise good oral hygiene, to prevent the inflammation of periodontal tissues. It should be taken periodically, every 3 months for 14 days. The preventive action of chlorhexidine is more effective than the curative one in cases where the inflammation of the periodontal tissues has already occurred.