Enamel demineralisation represents the first sign of dental caries. In order to ensure protection against caries, patients are advised to use liquids that:
- contain active ingredients such as amine fluoride and sodium fluoride,
- contain no colorants and
- are alcohol free
Indications for use:
- prevention and treatment of dental caries
- tooth enamel protection
- promoting tooth enamel remineralization
- reducing enamel solubility
- providing effective protection in hard-to-reach areas
Tooth enamel is the most mineralized tissue in the body and in the living world in general. It consists of millions of crystals (86%). The cells make enamel even before the tooth comes out. Its role is very important as it protects the dentin, allows chewing and biting, has an aesthetic significance and also affects our speech. It is the enamel that gives the tooth the right size, shape and colour.
There are several factors that promote the development of caries and lead to the damage of enamel and dentine. Enamel demineralisation is a precondition for the formation of dental caries. Early stages of tooth enamel demineralisation do not represent an irreversible injury and can be easily fixed. High-concentration fluorides are very effective in preventing and reducing the initial enamel demineralisation, which is particularly important in the areas that are more difficult to reach for cleaning, mainly in the pits on the biting surfaces of the posterior teeth and in the interdental spaces.
In the initial stage of demineralisation, a white spot forms on the enamel. When enamel becomes demineralised in its entire thickness, the “enamel gap” opens and changes occur in the underlying dentine. When bacteria enter or settle on the damaged area, we are talking about dental caries.
Carious damages are irreversible because the dentine does not regenerate and enamel restoration is no longer possible. Dental caries must be removed and the tooth damage replaced with a dental filling material.