The prescribing guidelines specify in detail the indications and methods of prescribing antibiotics.
Antibiotics are medications prescribed by a personal doctor, specialist physician or substitute doctor. In some cases, preventive antibiotic protection or prophylaxis is also prescribed by a dentist. The guidelines for antibiotic treatment vary with new findings.
In dentistry, antibiotics are prescribed prior to certain dental treatments in those cases where a dental procedure in the patient’s oral cavity may result in complications and health issues.
In the case of at-risk patients, complications may arise due to dental interventions on hard-to-reach areas of the oral cavity and because of bacteria entering the bloodstream. Medicines prevent bacterial growth and bacterial activity on distant organs and tissues.
Antibiotic protection is prescribed to the following groups of patients:
- patients with artificial joints
- patients who have recovered from endocarditis
- patients with an artificial heart valve
- in some cases of congenital heart disease
- after organ transplantation
- in some cases of a weakened immune system
The most commonly prescribed antibiotic in oral cavity dental treatments is amoxicillin. In patients with proven allergy to amoxicillin, clindamycin is prescribed. In accordance with the guidelines and by taking into account a patient’s medical condition, azithromycin and clarithromycin can also be prescribed.